Connective Tissue Grafting
A gum graft may be necessary to protect your teeth from the damaging effects of gum recession, or you may choose to have one to improve the appearance of your smile. Gum recession is the process in which the tissue that surrounds the teeth pulls away from a tooth, exposing more of the tooth or the tooth’s root. This can cause damage to supporting bone. Gum recession is a common dental problem; it affects 4% to 12% of adults and often goes unnoticed until it becomes more severe.
There are different root coverage procedures that can be used in the treatment of recession. One such technique is the placement of a connective tissue graft. In this technique, a section of tissue is taken from the palate, which is the roof of the mouth, and then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root. This is the most common method used to treat root exposure.
This surgery is performed in the out-office surgical suite under IV sedation or general anesthesia. After discharge, your dentist will give specific instructions regarding postoperative care, such as diet, physical activity, and medication. You may be uncomfortable for a few days following the procedure. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication or prescription pain medication can help keep you comfortable in the days following surgery.