Corrective Jaw & Facial Surgery

Genioplasty/Mentoplasty

Genioplasty/Mentoplasty is a type of cosmetic surgery that is used to improve the appearance of a person’s chin. This can take the form of chin height reduction or chin rounding by osteotomy, or chin augmentation using implants.

Reduction Genioplasty

A particular process, known as a sliding genioplasty, involves mobilizing a horseshoe-shaped piece of the bottom part of the chin bone by osteotomy and sliding it either backwards or forwards, finally fixing it in place with a titanium step plate using titanium screws. The bone segments can also be fixed by using 26 or 27 gauge wires and IMF given for 3-4 weeks.

 

Facial asymmetry

Facial asymmetry is often caused by deformities of the mandible or maxilla. Mandibular deformities are often pronounced, and various surgical procedures have been developed to treat such conditions. Deformities of the maxilla are similarly deviated from the normal. Although they are not always as noticeable as those of the mandible, they adversely affect function, esthetics and mental well-being. There are instances where both jaws are at fault and require treatment. More recently, osteotomies in the anterior of the maxilla or mandible have been performed with success. If the blood supply to the segment of bone and teeth is respected, a variety of procedures is possible in mandibular-maxillary surgery. Mandibular deformities are often pronounced, and various surgical procedures have been developed to treat such conditions.

Deformities of the maxilla are similarly deviated from the normal. Although they are not always as noticeable as those of the mandible, they adversely affect function, esthetics and mental well-being. There are instances where both jaws are at fault and require treatment. More recently, osteotomies in the anterior of the maxilla or mandible have been performed with success. If the blood supply to the segment of bone and teeth is respected, a variety of procedures is possible in mandibular-maxillary surgery.